Ludwig N, Trecroci A, Gargano M, Formenti D, Bosio A, Rampinini E, Alberti G.

The use of thermal imaging in monitoring the dynamic of skin temperature during prolonged physical exercise is central to assess athletes’ ability to dissipate heat from the skin surface to the environment. In this study, seven elite cyclists completed an incremental maximal cycling test to evaluate their skin temperature response under controlled-environment conditions. Thermal images have been analyzed using a method based on maxima detection (T<sub>max</sub>). Data confirmed a reduction in skin temperature due to vasoconstriction during the exercise, followed by a temperature increment after exhaustion. A characteristic hot-spotted thermal pattern was found over the skin surface in all subjects. This research confirmed also the notable ability by highly trained cyclists to modify skin temperature during an incremental muscular effort. This study gives additional contributions for understanding the capability of the T<sub>max</sub> method applied to the thermoregulatory physiological processes.

Appl Opt. 2016 Dec 1;55(34):D126-D130.   PMID: 27958445    DOI: 10.1364/AO.55.00D126